12 Weeks Task

I am getting problem means “I am learning a great lesson.”

er a caption

Remember, by using them you can create your own universe.

                                                           Part of Speech-8




4th & 5th Weeks:-

Don’t forget that the statements are used they actually belong to them.

                                                      i. Possession/Ownership

                                                      ii. State of Being

                                                      iii. Existence 

                                                      iv. Action

                                                      v. Exclamation(!)

6th Week:-

They help us to build the building we desire.

               @:- Frameworks/Structure(they are discussed in the sessions)

7th Week:-

Giving concentration is one of the first step to your goal.

          @:-word list/word collection, sentence making, paragraph writing

8th Week:-

Look good they will help you to think GOOD.

@:-Essay writing, short story writing, application writing  etc.

9th to 12th weeks:-

“Practice does not make man perfect only perfect practice makes man perfect.” 

@:- Practice, practice, practice…………………………………..

                                                                                                                          ICE Assam

A centre of education and the centre for the people who need the two most important skills English and Computer in this 21st century.  Don’t forget that these two skills can make you what you want to be. And there is also one more skill which is most important to everybody and the skill is discussed in the classroom.

I welcome you all.

Thank you

ICE team

The language of literary criticism

Patterns of sound                                                                      Part-------2

Alliteration is the use of the same letter or sound
at the beginning of words that are close together.
It was used systematically in Old English poetry
but in modern English poetry is generally only
used for a particular effect:
▶ On the bald street breaks the blank day.
— Alfred, Lord Tennyson, In Memoriam
Assonance is the effect created when two
syllables in words that are close together have
the same vowel sound but different consonants,
or the same consonants but different vowels:
▶ It seemed that out of battle I escaped
Down some profound dull tunnel long since
— Wilfred Owen, Strange Meeting
Onomatopoeia is the effect produced when the
words used contain similar sounds to the noises
they describe:
▶ murmuring of innumerable bees
— Tennyson, The Princess

The language of literary criticism

Figurative language                              Part---1

Imagery is language that produces pictures in
the mind. The term can be used to discuss the
various stylistic devices listed below, especially
figures of speech (= ways of using language to
convey or suggest a meaning beyond the literal
meaning of the words).
Metaphor is the imaginative use of a word or
phrase to describe something else, to show that
the two have the same qualities:
▶ All the world’s a stage
And all the men and women merely players.
— William Shakespeare, As You Like It
In simile the comparison between the
two things is made explicit by the use of
the words ‘as’ or ‘like’:
▶ I wandered lonely as a cloud
— William Wordsworth, Daffodils
▶ Like as the waves make towards the
pebbled shore,
▶ So do our minutes hasten to their end.
— Shakespeare, Sonnet 60
Metonymy is the fact of referring to something
by the name of something else closely
connected with it, used especially as a form of
shorthand for something familiar or obvious,
as in ‘I’ve been reading Shakespeare’ instead of
‘I’ve been reading the plays of Shakespeare’.
Allegory is a style of writing in which each
character or event is a symbol representing a
particular quality. In John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s
Progress Christian escapes from the City of
Destruction, travels through the Slough of
Despond, visits Vanity Fair and finally arrives
at the Celestial City. He meets characters such
as the Giant Despair and Mr Worldly Wiseman
and is accompanied by Faithful and Hopeful.
Personification is the act of representing objects
or qualities as human beings:
▶ Love bade me welcome: yet my soul drew back,
Guilty of dust and sin.
— George Herbert, Love
Pathetic fallacy is the effect produced when
animals and things are shown as having human
feelings. For example, in John Milton’s poem,
Lycidas, the flowers are shown as weeping for
the dead shepherd, Lycidas.




Here are some different between British and American English. Not only the way but also spellings. So, We learners have problem.  


Let's see:------------------

▶ Have you heard the news yet? (BrE)
 ▶ Did you hear the news yet? (NAmE)
 Have/have got
 In British English it is possible to use have got or
 have to express the idea of possession. In American
 English only have can be used in questions and
 negative sentences:
 ▶ They have/have got two computers. (BrE and NAmE)
 ▶ Have you got a computer? Yes, I have. (BrE)
 ▶ Do you have a computer? Yes, I do. (BrE and NAmE)
 In American English the past participle of get is
 ▶ Your English has got better. (BrE)
 ▶ Your English has gotten better. (NAmE)
 Prepositions and adverbs
 Some prepositions and adverbs are used differently
 in British and American English, for example stay
 at home (BrE); stay home (NAmE).
 Form of the adverb
 In informal American English the adverb form
 ending in -ly is often not used:
 ▶ He looked at me really strangely. (BrE)
 ▶ He looked at me really strange. (NAmE)
 Shall is not used instead of will in American
 English for the first person singular of the future:
 ▶ I shall/will be here tomorrow. (BrE)
 ▶ I will be here tomorrow. (NAmE)
 Nor is it used in polite offers:
 ▶ Shall I open the window? (BrE)
 ▶ Should I open the window? (NAmE)
 Irregular verbs
 In British English the past simple and past participle
 of many verbs can be formed with -ed or -t, for
 example burned/burnt. In American English only
 the forms ending in -ed are used:
 ▶ They burned/burnt the documents. (BrE)
 ▶ They burned the documents. (NAmE)
 When the past participle is used as an adjective,
 British English prefers the -t form, whereas in
 American English the -ed form is preferred, with
 the exception of burnt:
 ▶ a spoilt child (BrE)
 ▶ a spoiled child (NAmE)
 ▶ burnt toast (BrE and NAmE)
 Go/Come and...
 In these expressions and is often omitted:
 ▶ Go and take a look outside. (BrE)
 ▶ Go take a look outside. (NAmE)
 On the telephone
 ▶ Hello, is that David? (BrE)
 ▶ Hello, is this David? (NAmE)
 American English differs from British English
 not only in pronunciation but also in vocabulary,
 spelling and grammar.
 ■ When the American pronunciation is different
 from the British pronunciation it is given after
 the British pronunciation in the dictionary:
 tomato /təˈmɑːtəʊ; NAmE təˈmeɪtoʊ/.
 ■ Some important differences: Stressed vowels are
 usually longer in American English. In packet,
 for example, the /æ/ is longer.
 ■ In British English the consonant /r/ is pronounced
 only before a vowel (for example in red and
 bedroom). In all other cases the /r/ is silent (for
 example in car, learn, over). In American English
 the /r/ is always pronounced.
 ■ In American English the t between vowels is
 pronounced as a soft d /d/, so that writer and
 rider sound similar. British English speakers
 usually pronounce the t as /t/.
 The dictionary tells you which words are used
 only in American English or have different
 meanings in British and American English, for
 example cookie, elevator, trunk.
 ■ The dictionary shows different spellings in
 British and American English. The following
 differences are particularly common:
 ■ In verbs which end in l and are not stressed on the
 final syllable, the l is not doubled in the -ing form
 and the past participle: cancelling; (US) canceling.
 ■ Words which end in -tre are spelt -ter in
 American English: centre; (especially US) center.
 ■ Words which end in -our are usually spelt -or
 in American English: colour; (especially US) color.
 ■ Words which end in -ogue are usually spelt -og in
 American English: dialogue; (NAmE also) dialog.
 ■ In British English many verbs can be spelt with
 either -ize or -ise. In American English only the
 spelling with -ize is possible: realize, -ise; (NAmE)
 Present perfect/Simple past
 In American English the simple past can be used
 with already, just and yet. In British English the
 present perfect is used:
 ▶ I have already given her the present. (BrE)
 ▶ I already gave her the present. (NAmE)
 ▶ I’ve just seen her. (BrE)
 ▶ I just saw her. (NAmE)


Modal verbs                                                                                                    ICESpokenEnglish
can • could • be able to
▶ Can he swim?
▶ My brother could swim when he was two.
▶ I couldn’t find my keys this morning.
▶ I could have run faster, but I didn’t
want the others to get tired.
▶ She has not been able to walk since
the accident.
▶ He was able to speak to Ann before she left.
▶ Will people be able to live on the moon
one day, do you think?
could • may • might • can
▶ Could/Might you have lost it on the
way home?
▶ She may/might/could be ill. I’ll phone her.
▶ I may have/might have left my purse
in the shop.
▶ Amy might/may know the answer.
▶ I might/may not go if I’m tired.
▶ He might have enjoyed the party if he’d gone.
▶ It can get very cold in here at night.
can • could • may
▶ Can we come in?
▶ Could we possibly stay at your flat?
▶ Staff may take their break between
12 and 2. (written)
▶ May I sit here? (formal)
must not • may not • cannot
▶ You mustn’t tell her anything.
▶ You can’t get up until you’re better.
▶ Crockery may not be taken out of the
canteen. (written)
▶ You must not begin until I tell you. (formal)
have (got) to • must
▶ All visitors must report to reception on arrival.
▶ I must get that report finished today.
▶ Do you have to write your name on the form?
▶ She had to throw the burnt cake away.
▶ You will have to wait, I’m afraid.
No necessity
don’t have to • shouldn’t have • didn’t need to • needn’t have
▶ You don’t have to pick us up – we can
take a taxi.
▶ They didn’t have to go through customs.
▶ You shouldn’t have bothered making lunch –
we could have bought a sandwich.
▶ He didn’t need to have any fillings at the
▶ They needn’t have waited.
Advice and criticism
ought to • should
▶ Ought we to/Should we write and thank him?
▶ She ought to/should go out more often.
▶ You ought to have/should have gone to
bed earlier.
▶ You shouldn’t borrow the car without asking.
▶ I ought to/should go on a diet.
▶ I ought to have/should have asked her first.
Assumptions and deductions
will • should • must • can’t
▶ That will be James – he’s often early.
▶ The book should be interesting.
▶ There must be a leak.
▶ You must have dialled the wrong number.
▶ You can’t have finished already!
can • could • will • would
▶ Can you pass me the dictionary?
▶ Could you help me with my translation?
▶ Will you buy me an ice cream, Mum?
▶ Would you type this letter for me, please?
NOTE Could and would are more formal than
can and will.
Offers and suggestions
shall • will
▶ Shall I do the washing-up?
▶ Shall we go now?
▶ I’ll take you to the airport.
➔ For more information about modal verbs,
look at the notes at the entries for CAN, MODAL,

ICE SpokenEnglishClass


Reported speech                                                                                                           Rubul Rusial Moran
Reporting statements
reported speech (also called indirect
speech) is the term used for the words that
are used to report what someone has said or
If the reporting verb (say, ask, etc.) is in the
present or present perfect, then the tense of the
sentence does not change:
▶ ‘I’m going home.’
▶ He says he’s going home.
▶ He’s just told me he’s going home.
Reporting statements in the past
When you report somebody’s words using
said, asked, etc., you usually change the
tense to one further back in the past:
(present simple) ‘I don’t know whether
Jane wants to come.’
(past simple) He said he didn’t know
whether Jane wanted
to come.
(present progressive) ‘She is thinking of staying
at home tomorrow.’
(past progressive) He said she was thinking
of staying at home the
following day.
(present perfect) ‘Have you booked your
(past perfect) She asked whether he had
booked his ticket.
(past simple) ‘I finished my exams
(past perfect) He said he had finished
his exams the day before.
(will) ‘I’ll ring from the station.’
(would) He promised he would ring
from the station.
(can) ‘I can’t speak Portuguese.’
(could) She admitted she couldn’t
speak Portuguese.
The modal verbs should, would, might, could,
must and oughtto are not usually changed:
▶ ‘We might go to the cinema.’
▶ They said they might go to the cinema.
NOTE It may also be necessary to change other
words in the sentence to show that the point of
view has changed:
▶ ‘I’ll do it myself.’
He said that he would do it himself.
▶ ‘We’re going home tomorrow.’
He said that they were going home the next
▶ ‘I don’t like these pears.’
She said that she didn’t like those pears.
▶ ‘We love living here.’
They said that they loved living there.
▶ ‘You can come whenever you like.’
She told me I could go whenever I liked.
Reporting questions
The word order in reported questions is the
same as that in a normal statement, not as in
a question, and there is no question mark.
You use if or whether to report yes/no questions:
▶ ‘Are you ready?’
▶ She asked if/whether I was ready.
With wh- questions, the wh- word stays in the
▶ ‘When are you leaving?’
▶ She asked me when I was leaving.
➔ For more information about reported questions,
look at the entry for IF.
Reporting requests and commands
When you report a request or an order,
you usually use a to-infinitive:
▶ ‘Will you open the window please?’
▶ She asked me to open the window.
▶ ‘Don’t eat all the chocolate!’
▶ She told the children not to eat all the



Thank you Lord for giving me a great chance to meet her. I promise you that I will not leave her until my breath leaves. And I find my happiness when I am beside her and I get my relaxness. She is my heaven and I can say a thousand times that my sweetheart is very special to me.

  And I thank you for everything my sweetheart. (next...................)


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